James Cooper is Professor of Law and Director of International Legal Studies at California Western School of Law in San Diego, California.' Professor Cooper also serves as a Fellow of Singapore University of Social Sciences to 2023.' He has been a change agent for countries around the Americas for 25 years, consulting for the U.S. Departments of Justice and State, the Organization of American States, USAID, USPTO, the Inter-American Development Bank, the Bolivian President's Office, Mexico's Executive Branch, Paraguay's Congress, and a number of other international and regional aid organizations.' An Intellectual Property scholar, he has served on the U.S. government delegation to the World Intellectual Property Organization Advisory Committee on Enforcement.' A Cambridge University-trained Barrister and Solicitor, Professor Cooper's public policy work has been commissioned by the Konrad Adenauer Foundation and the Friedrich Ebert Foundation of Germany.' He contributes to newspapers, television, and radio news programs around the world on disruptive technology.'